Let's have a look at that list again. It occurs to me that it might better be itemized as follows.
an outstretched hand [his]
a failure to evoke
a rattle of matches [not evoked]
a cigarette [one that seemed to have been thrust unnoticed into his mouth]
a mouth [his]
someone else [who seemed to have done the thrusting]
a sudden growth and assertion [of the cigarette, solid, soulless, and static]
a whole life [also his]
a single desire to smoke
Okay . . . now we have our work cut out for us.